Thursday, January 16, 2020

Explain How Folding Impacts on Landscape Development Essay

Plate tectonics help us to explain the process of folding. According to the theory of plate tectonics, the earth’s crust is broken up into sections called plates. These plates float on the semi-molten mantle. Thermal convection currents in the mantle drag these plates in different directions resulting in tectonic activity. Folding occurs when rock layers that were originally horizontal are bent into a series of wave-like folds. As a result of this collision of the earth’s tectonic plates, the rocks are folded and uplifted and fold mountains are created. This process is known as orogeny. There have been three major periods of fold mountain building, the Caledonian, Armorican and Alpine periods. The Caledonian period of folding took place about 400 million years ago when the Eurasian plate and the American plate collided. The in-between ocean floor was subducted under both continents and the seafloor sediments were buckled up to form the sedimentary rocks of the Caledonian Fold Mountains. The Appalachian mountains in North America, the mountains of Norway, Sweden and Scotland, and in Ireland the Dublin-Wicklow mountains and the mountains of the West and North-west were formed as a result of this collision. The Armorican period of folding occurred about 250 million years ago when plate tectonics resulted in a collision between the Eurasian and African plates. Examples of Armorican fold mountains include the Vosges mountains in France and the Black Forest mountains in Germany. These mountains have an East-West trend as the compression came from the South. The ridge and valley landscape of Munster is a result of Armorican folding. During the Armorican foldings sedimentary rocks in Munster were folded to form ridges of sandstone and valleys of limestone. The limestone was easily eroded from the fold anticlines and they are seen today as sandstone mountain ridges such as the Mac Gillycuddy Reeks. Plate movement is also responsible for the formation of the Himalayan mountains in Asia, the Alps in Europe, the Andes in South America and the Rocky mountains in North America. These fold mountains were formed as the African plate collided with the Eurasian plate. These are the youngest fold mountains, formed 60 million years ago. They are known as Alpine fold mountains. The Himalayan mountains are still increasing in size and volcanic and earthquake activity in the region shows that these tectonic plates are still colliding.

Wednesday, January 8, 2020

Racism is Wrong - 1770 Words

Racism is Wrong I have chosen to carry out my investigation on racism. The hypothesis I have set myself is Racism is Wrong. The reason why I have chosen Racism as a part of my investigation is because I have gone through racial harassment and I feel that me being able to do this coursework will let me speak my mind about racism and talk about it in more detailed manner. This means that I will be able to write down my experiences. I personally believe that racism should be eliminated through all walks of life. Be it someones religion, skin colour or even what language they speak racism is wrong I will use a variety of research methods to help me. To research my sub questions I have†¦show more content†¦Even if the racism is only psychological it can affect ones mental health. The victim can there after suffer from depression thus being prescribed medication. Staying with the health issue, attacks upon the victim are also very much unjustified. Physically attacks most probably will leave the victim of the racism is hospital or in need of immediate medical attention. Once racism is inflicted upon someone their way of life is changed drastically, they just cant lead a normal life. Memories or even flash backs can stay with the victim. For example my research on Narinder Kaur, ex member of the Big Brother house (The research on Narinder Kaur is very good as it is her own views, primary evidence) A recent interview with a member of my family gave me primary evidence as that person had gone through the issues of racism. His/hers life was damaged during that period of time. If a young person was experiencing racism of any kind, they may become lonely and sad. They may also try and avoid situations where racist behaviour could occur. Playing truant in school is also another effect of racism. (Information about young person was from the Internet, off a charitys website Childline) How does a racist target its victim? -Why? For this sub question I have decided to use the Internet. On theShow MoreRelatedRacism Is Wrong With America781 Words   |  4 PagesChelsea Pratt Pratt 1 October 15, 2014 SAT Essay Racism in America â€Å"There is nothing wrong with America that cannot be cured by what is right with America,† -William J Clinton. Have you ever thought about the problems of America? There are so many complications that could be solved if our nationRead MoreMark Twain s The Racism Of His Time1358 Words   |  6 Pages In response to the racism of his time, Mark Twain uses The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn to contend that racism is an artificial, manufactured product of civilization that supplants the ingrained, human resistance to injustices like racism. To substantiate this point, Twain interweaves the reoccurring motifs of the instinctive feeling of sickness, the effects of a civilized upbringing, and the presence of romanticism into the story. Throughout the book, the titular protagonist, Huckleberry FinnRead MoreEssay Religion and Racism1568 Words   |  7 PagesReligion and Racism Racism is prejudice against people of another race or ethnic group. Prejudice means pre-judging: making up your mind about someone or something when you have not considered the facts or the evidence. Racism has been around for a very long time, one of the first times that it happened on a major scale was when the Jews moved to Egypt, but were put into slavery because the Egyptians thought of them as inferior because their skin colour and religiousRead MoreFighting Racism through Diversity Training Programs Essay527 Words   |  3 Pages Imagine being hated by people because of skin color. Racism still exists. Racial discrimination is always wrong and demeans a person. Everyone suffers when racial discrimination flourishes. Racism is one of the world’s major issues. Many people are not aware of how much racism still exists in the schools, workforce, and everyday life. Racism has affected America on a personal level as well as a global level. While racism still exists in America, it can be prevented or potentially eliminated throughRead MoreSlavery and Racism Shown in Huckleberry Finn620 Words   |  3 Pagesthree very prominent themes. These themes include racism and slavery, intellectual and moral education, and the hypocrisy of civilized society. The most dominant theme, racism and slavery, is recognized when the main character feels that he is doing the wrong thing in helping a runaway slave. It is also recognized in the passage where the main character talks to a boy who compares a black slave’s wo rth to two-hundred dollars. Twain used the theme racism and slavery in an attempt to convince southernersRead MoreRacism Is An Epidemic That Has Occurred Throughout History1206 Words   |  5 PagesRacism is an epidemic that has occurred throughout history. Racism is when patterns of discrimination towards a certain race are established and perceived as normal throughout an entire culture. It is not one person from a certain race discriminating another person from another race, but rather an entire population operating in a social structure that makes it difficult for a person not to discriminate. People of color have been oppressed because of their race/ethnicity by those who have held theRead MoreAre A Racist Human Being?1454 Words   |  6 Pagesfeel free to have an opinion and voice it freely, even if not everyone agrees with it. I don t know if you will agree with what I have to say or not, but these are facts thrown in with my personal opinion. There is no wrong or right bec ause opinions on controversial topics such as racism are not facts, and that’s a fact. That is specifically why they are opinions. And there is also such thing as a civil disagreement. Believe it or not, they exist. Whether you are capable of one or not can be an issueRead MoreRacism, Violence, And Poisoning Media845 Words   |  4 Pageshistory of nations and what we are living today, racism continues building hate, violence, and poisoning media. Race is a significant social issue because people use racial differences as the basis for discrimination. Much of today s racism can be traced to the era of colonialism that began in the 1400s. Racism is the systematic practice of denying people access to rights, representation, or resources based on racial differences. Institutionalized racism is a thorough system of discrimination that involvesRead MoreRacism : Racism Or Racial Profiling923 Words   |  4 PagesHistorically, racism has existed through out human history from 500- 1000 years. Racism is considered to be directed on the part of the Westerners towards the non westerners, such as the Asians, Africans and others. Racism however, is defined as hatred imposed from one person to another. Racism can also be that one particularly race is more superior than the other, or less human, due to the state of origin, colour of skin, language, ethnicity, gender, religious, and different biological characteristicsRead MoreThe Movie Am erican History X979 Words   |  4 PagesRecently I watched the movie American History X. Its major subjects are gang violence and racism, that has been passed on from generation to generation. It also asked questions like, what were their racist ideas really based on, how did racism effect the community, can racism be reshaped by actual experiences, and how or why racism to begin with? Racism has been the main topic in the judicial system, police affairs, and racially divided communities for years but it s neither disappearing nor growing

Monday, December 30, 2019

Law of the Jungle Essay - 1394 Words

Introduction The term â€Å"Law of the Jungle† is an expression often meaning â€Å"every man for himself,† â€Å"survival of the fittest† or â€Å"anything goes.† A term that also referred to as the time period prior to the Wagner Act enacted in 1935. A time in which collective bargaining existed in theory but not fairly practice between unions and employers. When practiced fairly, collective bargaining allows workers to achieve a form of democracy within the workplace; thus allowing for a form of rules to be upheld by both the employer and the employees. Unions have given employees a platform in which their voices will be heard. This paper will provide an overview of both the pre-Wagner Act days and the influential post 1932 collective bargaining†¦show more content†¦Each union issue was presented to individual judges that would exercise control over the labor relations as a whole in the United States. For the most part judges were unsympathetic to uni on actives and generally sided against them. This treatment of labor-management relations was seen from the American Revolution until the Great Depression of the 1930’s. Post 1932 It is said that the Great Depression gave labor unions a golden opportunity for the revival and growth with the much needed governmental encouragement. The years following the devastating Great Depression of late 1929 and early 1930’s marked a significant change in public policy from repression to strong encouragement of union activity starting with the first major federal legislation to be applied to collective bargaining, the Norris-LaGuardia Act. (Sloane/Witney, 2010) The following acts are the most major laws governing labor-management relations to date: Norris-LaGuardia Act of 1932: This particular act revoked the power of judges to issue injunctions in labor disputes. (Sloane/Witney, 2010) It also declared the yellow-dog contract unenforceable in federal courts. The yellow-dog contract was known to employees as a promise in writing never to engage in union activities. (Sloane/Witney, 2010) The act proved to mark drastic change in public policy and from that pointShow MoreRelatedEssay on The American Dream in The Jungle by Upton Sinclair, Jr.967 Words   |  4 Pagespolitics† ( Upton Sinclair gained fame in the early 1900’s from his muckraking novel, The Jungle, describing the life of a young Lithuanian immigrant, Jurgis, living in Chicago in pursuit of the American dream. Jurgis found out that America isn’t as good as it appeared; with higher wages came more expensive goods, and with cheaper houses came higher interest rates. The Jungle, a fictional novel, tells of the real horrors of working i n a Chicago meat packing factory. Sinclair had goneRead MoreJungle Monkeys Essays1253 Words   |  6 PagesThe monkeys of Rudyard Kipling’s The Jungle Book are a very unique group of characters. They are viewed by the other animals of the jungle, or the Jungle People as they call themselves, as outcasts and outlaws. The most prominent chapter they occur in, â€Å"Kaa’s Hunting†, shows their lawless, shiftless, and uncivilized way of life. This image in itself does not give off any racist undertone. However, Disney’s adaption of The Jungle Book carries this view of the monkeys, while also giving them strongRead MoreIs Upton Sinclairs The Jungle a Primary Source?837 Words   |  3 Pages The Jungle written by Upton Sinclair shows a vivid description of life and the living condition in the meat and other industry around Chicago. The Jungle is full of examples of historical content about profit, corruption, and condition making it a good primary source. To determine whether a book is a primary source or a secondary source, a person needs to know what a primary and secondary source is. First, a primary source, define by Princeton, â€Å"is a document or physical object which was writtenRead MoreShere Khan as the Enemy in Mowglis Brothers of Rudyard Kiplings The Jungle Book1309 Words   |  6 PagesShere Khan as the Enemy in Mowglis Brothers of Rudyard Kiplings The Jungle Book The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling was written in the year 1894 as a series of short stories based primarily in the jungles of India. The first story, Mowglis Brothers introduces a number of characters that feature throughout additional stories in the novel. The antagonist a tiger named Shere Kahn, is introduced early in the novel and presents the ongoing danger against the protagonist,Read MoreAllegorical Meanings of the Journey Depicted in Joseph Conrad’s The Heart of Darkness 1112 Words   |  5 Pagesmatter, a journey towards hell? Literally speaking, the journey is not towards hell but towards the jungles of Africa, where Kurtz was to be retrieved by Marlow. However, when one takes into account the setting, one can almost see that Marlow’s mission is not simple nor is it safe. With this fact, the journey towards the jungle becomes hell in two ways. Firstly, it is hell in the sense that the African jungle serves as a dark and foreboding setting. In the initial part of the story, Marlow likens Britain’sRead More Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness Essay763 Words   |  4 Pagescore of the jungle. The novel also explores trade and exploration, imperialism and colonization. The use of darkness means several things in this book. It is used in the title, as Heart of Darkness many people doesnt understand the book, or the meaning it brings with it. I feel that the title represents much more, it has many meanings. The first being, the darkness and evil of somebody. In the book, the evil comes out of Marlow and Kurtz, as they get deeper into the jungle, the more evilnessRead MoreEssay on Social and Evolutionary Psychology1041 Words   |  5 PagesSocial and Evolutionary Psychology In an attempt to define civilized man’s relationship to the jungle and primitive societies, one must first consider the theories of social psychologists who have offered interpretations of modern man’s reactions upon insertion into a primitive setting. The main contrast in human states that arises from this argument is the concept of civilization versus savagery. Much is uncovered about the path man tends to take when confronted with these two optionsRead MoreSinclair s The Jungle And Schlosser s Fast Food Nation1459 Words   |  6 PagesUpton Sinclair and Eric Schlosser contain eerily similar accounts in attempt to expose the dangers behind our food. These shocking revelations exposed by Sinclair and Schlosser have forever changed the way our nation views its food. Sinclair s The Jungle and Schlosser s Fast Food Nation discuss the topics of factory conditions and their safety, prevalence of immigrant workers, the conditions of animals and their health, and the corruption behind large corporations and the federal government. TheseRead More lighthod Binary Oppositions in Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness1534 Words   |  7 Pageswith larger themes. Marlow was from Europe and understood the basic premises of imperialism, but was unprepared for the world he encountered in the wilderness. The world of the African jungle did not abide, at that time, by the same laws with which Marlow had been raised. There was an inherent savagery in the jungle that he had not previously encountered and for which he was unprepared. This is first apparent when Marlow encountered the shaded death grove early on in his journeys. Marlow saw the nativesRead MoreThe Rise Of The Progressive Era1418 Words   |  6 Pagesbe sold. One of the most known Muckraker that dealt with the meatpacking industry was Upton Sinclair, the author of The Jungle. Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle to show the unpleasant and cruel working conditions in the city of Chicago. The title of the book represents and shows how rough and wild the working, and sanitary, conditions were in the factories. In his book, The Jungle, Sinclair uncovered and made public the filth that was going into America’s meat, such as sawdust, chemicals, and human

Sunday, December 22, 2019

Kristen Cookie Company - 1060 Words

Kristen’s Cookie Company Summary Kristen and her roommate are preparing to initiate an on-campus cookie company in their apartment. They intend to provide fresh cookies to students late at night. With very little overhead cost, the two students plan to provide the freshest and most exotic cookies on campus. Although baking cooking is a very simple process, understanding how the processes work is essential to ensuring the effectiveness of their company. Statement of Problem In order for the ladies to launch their business, they will need to set prices and rules for accepting orders. Many of the issues will not be able to be resolved until after getting started and initiating different ways of producing cookies. They will†¦show more content†¦|0 |6 | |Fill Tray |Self |2 |6 |8 | |Prepare Oven |Roommate |1 |8 |9 | |Bake |Oven |9 |9 |18 | |Remove |Roommate |0 |18 |18 | |Cool |None |5 |18 |23 | |Pack, Collect Money |Room |3 |23 |26 | |Self |8 minutes | |Roommate |4 minutes | |Total Labor |12 minutes | Two Dozen |Activity |Resource |Cycle Time(minutes) |Start Time(minutes) |FinishShow MoreRelatedKristens Cookie Company972 Words   |  4 Pagespayment 4*60/1= 240 dozens The maximum output if determined by the output of a slowest activity. Baking the cookies is the slowest activity performed by Kristen and her roommate. Therefore, the maximum orders they can fill in a night is 26 dozens, based on production capabilities. This graph shows that for preparing 1 dozen of cookies Kristen needs 26 minutes. However, in order to prepare 2 dozens of cookies she does not need 52 minutes because no matter how many dozens she need to cook (1, 2Read MoreKristen s Cookie Company Case Study Essay701 Words   |  3 Pagesï » ¿Kristen’s Cookie Company Here is the Process Flow Diagram: The whole process throughput time of making a dozen of cookies is 26 minutes. It takes washing, mixing and spooning 8 minutes to make a dozen of cookies. And preparation and bake time totally are 10 minutes. The final step of cooling, packing and accepting payment of cookies takes roommate 8 minutes to finish the cycle. Assume the night capacity is 4 hours, so Kristen and roommate have 240 minutes operating time. Since the ovenRead MoreEssay on Kristens Cookies1009 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿ Operations Management Fall 2013 Kristen’s Cookie Company September 26, 2013 Kristen and her roommate are preparing to launch Kristen’s Cookie Company in their on-campus apartment. The company will provide fresh cookies to hungry students late at night. Evaluation of the preliminary design for the company’s production process will be required in order to make key policy decisions, including what prices to charge, what equipment to order and howRead MoreKristens Cookie Company1359 Words   |  6 PagesKristen s Cookie Company Kristen s Cookie Company is a good example where the success or failure of the company depends directly on the process planning adopted by the company, i.e., the company can maximize its productivity by utilizing its resources effectively. One major aspect of process analysis is to identify the major bottlenecks in the process and trying to mitigate their effects with least possible level of costs and resources. The following flowchart shows the overall process adoptedRead MoreSolution to Kristen Cookie Case1361 Words   |  6 PagesKRISTEN’S COOKIE CASE FOR DR. JUN-YEON LEE MGMT 6355 FALL 2010 BY: AMIN DADWANI KRISTEN’S COOKIE COMPANY INTRODUCTION: A couple of students, roommates, planned to launch a cookie company in there on campus apartment. The purpose was to serve freshly baked cookies to hungry students late night by taking orders online. They needed following equipments and ingredients in process of making Cookies: - 1-Equipment: - Oven, Food processor, Cooking tray, Spoons. 2-Ingredient:Read MoreKristens Cookies2675 Words   |  11 PagesCookies is conveniently located on campus and will cater to hungry students late at night. The company will not only let the students customize their cookies, but also bake them fresh. Students will have a wide variety of ingredients to choose from and this bake to order concept will ensure that cookies are to consumer’s liking. Based on this model, order qualifiers are the physical location of the company and the order winners are the unique and freshly baked cookies. Assuming all orders are forRead MoreKristens Cookie Company Essay2219 Words   |  9 Pages| Kristen’s Cookie Company | Sunset Team 4 | A. Dobo, F. Montoya, L. Lie, A. Bustamante, M. Chitipiralla, E. Dzelzkalns 1/21/2013 | Process Chart Figure 1: Kristen’s Cookie Co. Process Flow Chart 1. How long will it take you to fill a rush order? A rush order will take 26 minutes to fulfill, as illustrated in the Gantt chart below. Figure 2: Rush-order Gantt chart 2. How Many Orders can you fill in a night assuming you are open four hours each night? a. AssumingRead MoreCase Study: Kristen Cookies1155 Words   |  5 PagesKristen Cookies Case Study Introduction Two students are planning to start a cookie business called Kirsten Cookie Company. The company is to be housed in a dorm room with many restrictions that limit their production capacity; mainly because of the limited space. Since college students often lived on slim budgets, the students thought they identified a market niche by being able to produce cookies at an affordable price that are custom made to state and freshly baked. Therefore, the studentsRead MoreKristens Cookie Company1467 Words   |  6 PagesKRISTEN S COOKIE COMPANY (A1) The overview of the process: QUESTION 1 If we make a table, we can see that the minimum time to fill a rush order is 26 minutes. ACTIVITY RESOURCE TIME START TIME FINISH TIME Order Entry E-mail 0 minutes 00:00 00:00 Wash Bowl, Mix Self 6 minutes 00:00 00:06 Fill Tray Self 2 minutes 00:06 00:08 Start Oven Roommate 1 minute 00:08 00:09 Baking Oven 9 minutes 00:09 00:18 Remove Roommate 0 minutes 00:18 00:18 Cool None 5 minutes 00:18 00:23 Read MoreFlowchart and Theoretical Flow Time1956 Words   |  8 Pagesroom-service process. b) What is the theoretical flow time of the process? c) The average flow time of the process was measured to be 60 minutes. What is the flow time efficiency? 4.2 Kristen and her roommate are in the business of baking custom cookies. As soon as she receives an order by phone, Kristen washes the bowl and mixes dough according to the customer ´s order- activities that take a total of 6 minutes. She then spoons the dough onto a tray that holds one dozen cookies (2 minutes).

Saturday, December 14, 2019

Night Creature Crescent Moon Chapter 21 Free Essays

I glanced at the door – still closed. Then the windows – broken but not open. How had he gotten in without my hearing him? I wasn’t sure I wanted to know. We will write a custom essay sample on Night Creature: Crescent Moon Chapter 21 or any similar topic only for you Order Now If he was a vampire, did I plan to put a stake through his heart? I was fresh out â€Å"Well,† he drawled. â€Å"Do you?† While the appropriate response to that question would be Of course not! instead, I snapped, â€Å"How long have you been there?† Adam shoved away from the wall and stalked toward me. His hair tangled when he shoved it out of his face; his bracelet caught the moonlight and sparkled. He wore a powder blue short-sleeved dress shirt, unbuttoned, and his chest rippled beneath a sheen of sweat that should have been unattractive but wasn’t. Combined with the ragged jeans and bare feet†¦ I wanted him so much I couldn’t think straight He stopped directly in front of me. I had a perfect view of his crotch, which didn’t look half-bad, either. Because I wanted to lean forward and pull down the bulging zipper with my teeth, I stood. On the way up, my breasts brushed his chest, and he hauled me against him. â€Å"You think I’m a vampire, Diana?† The question should have been foolish. We should both have been laughing. But we weren’t. His fingers bruised my skin. His erection pressed against my stomach. His blazing blue eyes seemed to pierce my brain. â€Å"Are you?† I whispered. â€Å"No.† The word came off his tongue sounding French. When he kissed me, there was a lot of French in that, too. He tasted of hickory coffee – no, wait, that was me. Thick cream, heavy sugar – definitely him. I licked his teeth, wanting more of that taste, since I never dared drink my coffee anything but black. With Adam I got all of the flavor and none of the calories. Only later did I realize, I’d also been checking those teeth for a razor-edged sharpness. I’m not sure what I would have done if I’d found some. We were frantic again, pulling at each other’s clothes. My top flew one way, my bra the other; his shirt slid from his shoulders and onto the floor. Why was it that every time we came near each other we couldn’t seem to stop this from happening? I was on fire, barely able to stand still, desperate for a release that I wasn’t going to get from a kiss, when he backed me against the wall. How had he known I was weak in the knees? I murmured my approval, lifting my arms around his neck as he ran his palms from the outside of my breasts to my hips. He started, stilled, and stepped back, taking his hands and his mouth with him. I nearly fell on my face without his support â€Å"What’s this?† He unbuttoned my pants, and the fleur-de-lis chain spilled out. Oops. I studied his face, but, as usual, I couldn’t get a read on him. â€Å"I – uh – got it today.† His eyes lifted from their solemn contemplation of my jewelry. â€Å"Why?† â€Å"Protection.† â€Å"From vampires?’ Adam’s lips curved. â€Å"There’s no such thing, cher.† â€Å"Then why did I see Charlie in town?† His lips flattened. â€Å"Dead Charlie?† â€Å"Not anymore. Or maybe again. He blew up.† Adam glanced out the window, then back. â€Å"You’re not makin’ any sense.† â€Å"I saw Charlie, chased him to St. Louis Number One – â€Å" â€Å"You nuts? Never go there alone.† I hadn’t been alone, but that was beside the point â€Å"Charlie released a woman from her crypt According to the obituary, she died two days ago, but she was walking pretty well last night† â€Å"No one gets buried so quickly.† â€Å"That’s all you’ve got to say?† He touched my forehead. I slapped his hand away. â€Å"I’m not feverish or insane.† â€Å"You saw Charlie and a dead woman walk; then they blew up.† OK, when it was spoken out loud, I did sound nuts. â€Å"And you think they were vampires?† â€Å"Maybe. Cassandra said they weren’t zombies.† â€Å"Who de hell is Cassandra?† â€Å"Voodoo priestess.† He stared at me for several seconds. â€Å"My, you have been busy.† Why did his words sound like a threat? Because I was paranoid as well as crazy. Oh well, the two went together like franks and beans. â€Å"You don’t believe me,† I said. â€Å"It doesn’t matter what I believe; it’s what you believe.† â€Å"I don’t know anymore.† He brushed my hair from my cheek, and this time I let him. â€Å"New Orleans would spook anyone. There are ghosts here, can’t help but be. But de things you’re speaking of†¦Ã¢â‚¬  He shook his head. â€Å"I don’t think this little old chain will protect you from them.† My chin tipped up. â€Å"You have a better idea?† â€Å"No.† His gaze lowered. â€Å"I like this one.† In a surprising movement, he dropped to his knees and tugged my jeans over my hips. His breath brushed my thighs, warm and inviting. My underwear followed the same path to the floor. â€Å"Would you tell me if you were?† I asked. â€Å"What?† When he glanced up, his eyes were unfocused, his mouth still swollen from mine. Having him kneel at my feet, so gorgeous and tousled and aroused, filled my mind with too many possibilities. Nevertheless, I managed to choke out the question: â€Å"Would you tell me if you were a vampire?† â€Å"Of course not, cher.† Leaning forward, he pressed his mouth against the fleur-de-lis chain, against my belly, and suckled. Skin, metal, tongue, and teeth – the sensation was exquisite. If he were a vampire, wouldn’t he be – Catching fire? Disintegrating into dust? Howling? Crying? Running? He did none of them. But he did do other things. The chain – both hot and damp, dry and cool – slipped from his mouth. He kissed me again. Lower. My legs wobbled, and he cupped my hips with his big hands, pinning me to the wall as his tongue did amazing things. Maybe he was a vampire? Maybe I didn’t give a shit My fingers tangled in his hair, holding him closer, urging him on. How could a tongue be so hard and yet so soft, so clever and yet so tentative? Whenever I was on the verge of orgasm, he retreated just enough so I never came, driving me closer, higher, with the next stroke. â€Å"I think you’ve had enough.† My eyes snapped open. He stood in front of me. â€Å"No.† I reached for him, and he took my hand, tugging me to the sleeping bag. â€Å"We’re not done.† He gave me a little shove, and I toppled onto the covers. As he stood over me in the faint moonlight, I memorized every ripple and curve. Just looking at him made me breathe a little harder. He followed me down, brushed a stray strand of hair from my breast. â€Å"When you come, it’s all I can do not to come, too, just watchin’ you.† I wasn’t sure what to say, so I said nothing. â€Å"You’re so alive.† He laid his palm against my chest, dark against light, and pressed until I was supine. â€Å"So warm and soft and – â€Å" He broke off, took a deep breath, and let it out â€Å"I can’t sleep nights thinkin’ of being inside of you.† In one swift movement he covered my body with his and slipped in. I bit my lip to keep from making an embarrassing yummy noise at the contact â€Å"You’re so tight† His forehead dropped against mine as he struggled for control. â€Å"Sorry.† â€Å"No.† A puff of air that was laughter hit my cheek. â€Å"That’s good, so good.† I tried to relax, but I couldn’t keep still. I had to have friction. My hips had a will of their own, pumping against him. He cupped my breast in one hand, pressed his thumb to my skin. â€Å"I can feel your heart beat.† His eyes seemed to reflect the three-quarter moon, glowing silver, fading to blue. â€Å"Makes me want to do all sorts of bad things.† â€Å"Just do me.† I clenched around him. â€Å"Now.† I could feel his heart beat, too, in a completely different place. The pressure, the rhythm, the thud, thud, thud, made me shatter at last. When I could see again, breathe again, we lay side by side, him tracing patterns across my stomach and breasts with one finger. â€Å"You still want to search for de wolf that isn’t there?† â€Å"You’re awful accommodating for a man who doesn’t believe we’ll find one.† â€Å"I’D be as accommodating as you like, cher, if you keep accommodating me.† I pinched his arm and he laughed. I got a warm, squishy feeling right above the fleur-de-lis. This was nice. Too nice. I took his hand, meaning to push it away, but something flickered in his eyes, almost a wince. Instead of letting go, I held on. â€Å"Of course the wolf isn’t there,† I said briskly. His eyebrows lifted. â€Å"The moon’s nearly full. This is a crescent moon loup-garou.† If I hadn’t been holding his hand, I wouldn’t have felt the slight jerk of surprise. â€Å"Where you hear that?† â€Å"I can read the newspaper, Adam.† An odd expression came over his face. â€Å"What’s the matter?† â€Å"No one’s called me by my given name for a long time.† â€Å"Why?† â€Å"I don’t see many people.† I tightened my fingers on his. â€Å"Why me?† His lips curved. â€Å"Why not you?† Well, that was flattering. I suddenly remembered something I’d meant to ask. â€Å"When I left your place, I – uh, walked around a little.† â€Å"Mmm,† he said, rubbing his thumb over my palm. I found it hard to think when he did that. â€Å"Under the bedroom window it looked like you were going to plant something.† â€Å"Really?† His expression was as bland as his voice. â€Å"I just wondered what† â€Å"You a big gardener, cher? I never would have thought.† Well, what bad I expected him to say? There were wolf trades there and since I’m hiding one, I didn’t want you to see them. Like that would happen. Why didn’t I just ask him straight out? He already thought I was loony because of the zombies. If I started talking about my dead husband walking, a mythical black wolf, tracks that weren’t there, Adam might go away and never come back. I wasn’t ready for that yet â€Å"You want to wait to search de swamp until de crescent moon returns?† he asked. â€Å"I’m not sure.† His free hand played with the fleur-de-lis chain. At least he could touch it without bursting into flame. He pulled me against him, spoonlike, and I was so shocked, I let him. With his breath in my hair and his hand at my hip, I drifted on a cloud of satisfaction and exhaustion. Right before I fell into the abyss that was sleep I heard him whisper, â€Å"Better if you wore a silver chain. Two birds, one stone, that way.† I tried to stay awake. Tried to make sense of the comment Silver. Was that a hint? Or a warning? I was too tired to ask. Too tired to do anything but fall. How to cite Night Creature: Crescent Moon Chapter 21, Essay examples

Friday, December 6, 2019

Implementation Of CSS Software In Aldi Retail Chain Free Sample

Question: Explain to a client the costs and benefits of your intended IT project? Answer: 1.Executive Summary The Business plan helps in the creating the outlines the strategy for the business in order to sell the customized software to the client who are looking for the cost reduction in the long term. The main purpose of the CSS software is to prepare quality and customized software as per the client requirements. One of the clients Aldi is looking to expand its business for which company is looking to install the TQM for which CSS software has asked to for 255000 of the fund required for the installations. Apart from that, the maximum fund will be gain in the form of 60:40 ratios of debt and equity respectively. With the help of market analysis, major competitors of the company are Delta 4 and the SAP. Lastly, with the help of SWOT analysis, it has been found that there are various barriers to change management, high cost and lack of innovation due to installation of TQM within the supply chain management of Aldi. 2. Business Idea Aldi is one of the major retail chains of the Germany who has now expanded in UK and Australia. Recently, Aldi is facing tough to manage its sales that are because of the rise in the stores wild wide. Company supply chain is currently manual which is why Aldi is facing tough to survive in the contemporary business scenario (Afuah, 2007). Now company is looking for the better solution of IT programme which helps to intact the their supply chain management within the existing business which will give them high ROI and low wastage which has been one of the major problem for the company in recent times (Analoui and Karami, 2009). As the business expanding, competitor are also arising , with stiff competition in market company is looking to proper and long-term solution for its supply chain which would gain give the company high chances of profit and product availability within their stores which is one of the major challenges (Dess and Lumpkin, 2009). TQM management will be one of the perfect solutions for the company that laid for consistency in the supply chain and low wastage control. 3. Background As an one of the major software company also known as CSS (Corporate software sales) software are known for the unique products selling to the clients who are looking for the appropriate solution for the business process handling. The company is known for the software planning package that will already prove in the consumer market (Fifeld, 2012). As the matter of fact, the product that the company will be selling TQM IT solution has been voted top rated best-selling package. The products will allows the corporate sales force and franchise like Aldi to use the planning tools to achieve the incredible in their existing business process which will help to manage the sales force and quality within the supply chain system and the inventory control (Freeman, 2010). CSS consulting will be providing the high level expertise in the international high technology business development, distributing strategies and centralization to control over the existing technology via TQM. 4. Ownership and Company structure Figure 1: Company structure of the Aldi (Source: Budyansky, 2009, pp-922) From the company structure Aldi seems that, company has enough scope for improvement within its company structure .as the company is using manual way of proceedings which will provide manufacturing process effective with low manufacturing cost by implementing TQM within its existing management system (Abrams, 2003). As the existing supply chain is a very much assembly line and is, lack of IT system within its which why monitoring the operations is next to impossible for the company. The current IT system of TQM management will give an opportunity for the monitoring and set benchmarking for the production which helps to gain the Aldi large part of waste control within its existing management system (Abrams and Vallone, 2005). Figure 2: Implementation of TQM within the existing supply chain of the Aldi (Source: Chang, 2009, pp-2) From the above, diagram, it has been found that TQM will be implemented monitor from inbound logistics to the manufacturing to the outbound logistics of the products and services. Implementations of IT will enough scope to capture the large potential to manage the existing supply chain effectively will ill result in the higher productivity (Barrow et al. 2008). Apart from that, at the inbound, TQM will analyse the inventory benchmarking, followed by the manufacturing where the waste will be controlled, at outbound logistics , TQM will show the right products at right price at right time which will help the business to gain control over their operation systems (Blackwell, 2008). At each and every step, the new IT system helps the organisations set the standard for the employees and the machine to perform effectively and efficiently (Finch, 2010). With the rise in the control over the supply chain system help the company to centralize its value chain that will affected by reducing the error and fault done by the employees. 5. The team for the Implementations of TQM within Aldi Team Roles and responsibilities Board of Director The team of head of the CSS software will be forming the team for the implementation process of the TQM. The project leader will responsible for the entire project along with forecasting of cost and time of the complete the process. Personnel management Project Consulting Field Supervisor Filed supervisors will give the day to day report of the work and the problems or issues faced by the engineers during the time of implementation project. He will be directly reporting to the project head. Survey tracking coordinator Looking for the time and cost of the project and assigning the team works as per their expertise areas. Quality will be checked at each and every stage of the project (Luther, 2001). Experts Experts in their works like hardware engineer, software engineer and the techies and their respective team leader will be appointed as per the Job requirement Data processing coordinator and processors coordinator Leading the team with EPI information's and directly oversees the data entry of direct surveys to ensure everything. Apart from that coding of data participate in designing of TQM as per the Aldi existing supply chain system (McKeever, 2012). Lawyers These people will be responsible for the patent right, and the trademark act 1977 and 2004 respectively helps the other company to copy the CSS software of TQM. Safety personnel Training will be given to the employees and the team for the safety of measures taken during the time of implementing. Apart from that, SMS (Safety Management system) will be followed by CSS software during the time of training (Stutely, 2002). 6. The product Figure 3: TQM as service (Source: Young, 2007, pp-125) Software: TQM as products from the CSS software is not just a quality checking or benchmark setting system. It is beyond the quality check, it encourages the buyer to keep neat in their habit of forecasting and maintaining the productivity within the organisations (Chang, 2009). Apart from that, it also analyses the efficiency of the machines and the employee's productivity along with continuous improvement in the existing supply chain management that automatically solve the problems of waste control and increase the productivity of the company for long term. Although, the product is expensive and not for the small organisation as the function of these types of IT services gives the wide range of the benefits in future. Consulting: CSS will be providing the analysis of all potential clients planning strategies and tactic along with the degree of capacity with planning software and information technology within the business operation of the clients (Chowdhury, 2009). The major goal of the company is to ensure that all clients will have enough solutions that will be tailored made as per the needs and requirements of clients. Whether the company is looking decide to purchase or service or looking for the experience from the company for planning the strategies, in the both of the above case scenario , company will be helping the clients (Freiesleben, 2009). Training: Finally, CSS software will provide complete training for the use of solutions purchased from the company by the dummy experience on the works. 7. The Patent situation As the CSS software is into the business of selling of software for which company ha ensured the patent and trademark on the innovations of the product in order to maintain the copyright act with the alone. With the rise in the competition from the SME's and Large organisations like IBM and the RS Software are making they're making huge number of development cater their corporate clients (Jochem, 2009). Rise in the competition also tend to copy of the software very quickly by the companies are being noticed in the market with copyright infringement will prevent the companies to do the needful for the company. While the Act 52(2) of the European patents Conventions' saves the company to copy or claiming of the similar programme which is matches by the competitors inventions even if they do not have seen the programme of the CSS software, they cannot claim for their inventions. In UK territory, more than 25% of patents are granted to the software related programmes (Prado-Prado, 2009). Articles 52(3) are being stop the members of the company to sell the ideas of the company. 8. Marketing Plan Marketing strategy: Marketing strategy of the company is being noticed as simple which is innovations, and ant to sell in the UK, US and Europe. The companies care selected here is mostly larger size and medium sizes like Aldi (Taiwo, 2001). Market analysis Market analysis Growth % 1997 2000 2012 US high tech 10% 5000 7321 12,255 European market 15% 1000 1749 3250 UK 35% 250 832 1820 Others 2% 250 10824 22,014 Total 6.27% 10,000 20726 39339 Graph 1: Market analysis for demand of the CSS software (Source: Lindgreen and Finn, 2010, pp-738) Pricings strategies Figure 4: Porters generic model on the CSS software (Source: Lim and Lusch, 2011, pp-655) CSS software lies in the 2nd quadrant that shows that, company innovates or designs the products as per the demand of clients. The client she is very specific about the detail and the products that are looking for (Bottomley and Doyle, 2008). CSS software needs to develop customized the products as per the demand of the customers. With software and patent rights, shows that CSS software are known of innovations and unique products which is used as per the company existing efficiency. However, the differentiation is costly in term of price as the benefit is for the longer period of more than 10 years and saves the manual process of managing the supply chain or accounting or other major development (Bolton and Lemon, 2009). 9. Sales and distribution 9.1 Products Time Period Graph 2: Plc curve for Software products (Source: Bhattacharya and Korschun, 2008, 115) The product sold by the CS software has various stages that carry from the innovation stage to the maturity to declining. At declining company state to modify the version that will again enhance the business that will keep the company sustain in the market and good for the future of business. 9.2 Pricing strategies Figure 5: Pricings strategies of CSS softwares (Source: Bendapudi and Leone, 2008, pp-19) CSS software is very many charges premium pricing in order to cater only large number of companies. As the software business requires lots of innovations and clients demand and their existing system to replace with the new system, need to change the premium pricing because of the innovations and patents (Dr. Nigam. 2011). CSS software is known for producing new kind of software for the companies which will help the most of the Retail chain and the service giving company to roll out their function easy and very effective manner and cost effective. CSS software is known for its IT and TQM software's which are very much customized as per detailed given by the company (Taiwo, 2001). 9.3 Place: CSS computer is known for the B2B business in which will target the corporate offices and the several other large firms. The software personnel manufacturer has already has been naming and information about the companies of the large firms that fits the profile. Place here depicts the meeting with the client within their company or the within CSS software building. Along with that, test and dummy service to show the various function will be present in the CSS software labs (, 2015). 9.4 Promotion Promotional strategies Expenditure (%) Websites 58.01% Newspapers 32.02% Magazines 28% Graph 3: Expenditure on advertisement of software products (Source: Prado-Prado, 2009, pp-309) 10. Competitors Some of the major competitors of the CSS software within the UK would be Datanomic , delta 4, Oregan networks and ANT software (, 2015). These are medium term enterprise of the software companies who are slowly capturing the large market base of the UK market CSS software is new company which has just has been establish for 5 years ago , in 2009. SME software Companies Market share % Datanomic 14% Delta 4 12.9% Oregan network 11.1% ANT software 6.3% Amdoes 3.6% CSS 3.1% Business integrity 2.2% Graph 4: Market software companies of UK (Source: Freiesleben, 2009, pp-1263) From the above diagram, it has been found that, CSS Software was established in 2009 which suggest that, most of the software companies already has been able to capture the market base of UK (Chowdhury, 2009). However, CSS software has been recently taking the market by storm as the company innovated the TQM ver.2 that is much more effective than earliest one, and the value of the products is higher the market. As Aldi is looking to implement the idea within its retail chain to reduce its cost and maintain the continuous improvement within its business. With rise in the EPC and JIT innovations, most of the software companies are looking for continuous development of the products in order to sustain with large competitor like IBM, SAP and Accenture (, 2015). 11. Customers One of the major customer of the products is large retail firms and services firms like Bank of England, Royal Bank of Scotland, Tesco, Sainsbury and Lafarge tarmac are some of the large companies will be customers of the CSS software's. Some of the major customers of the company are given below: Market segmentations Segmentation bases Target customers segment of Fast food industry Geographic Region North America, Europe and UK Density Urban (4500 companies) Income High and middle income groups of companies Occupation Employees and professionals Demographic Social status Working and higher class companies Company size Single or the group of companies or MNC Psychographic Existence Modern , innovation and as per the customised products Occasions Regular Behavioural Benefits Price advantages and diversify services under one roof. Occasion Expansion of business or the increasing branches or the creating diversified business Customers Customised Softwares Glendon College , USA University is looking to ensure students pursue certificate programme in technical communications that help the student to hands on state of art writing techniques before entering the workforce (, 2015). BIG salad food chain Company is known brand for burger, and fresh salad, since the company is expanding its base, company, is looking for supplies the recipes with stores chef via software called Big salad cookbook designed by CSS software. Over drive It is known for the delivering the books of more than 5000 publishers. This has been possible only by using MAdfalre. Now the company is selling more than 30, 00,000 books (Bottomley and Doyle, 2008). Other potential customers are universities, car manufacturing and banking companies who are growing consistently needs to focus on their IT system to built these areas. 12. Agreements and Alliances Agreements with Madcap software create the high branding the future. There have been numerous agreements with other media agency like OMD, and Total media are known for launching the several brands of the products from software to retail food items to electronic items (Jochem, 2009). Total media agreement with the CSS has made the company one of the most renowned software intelligence solution companies. Apart from that, Total media and OMD is doing international campaign for the products and services on the behalf of the companies. As the member of Einstein deigns, association CSS software is looking to creates strong brand in UK and a Global platform.With the help of social media advertising and blogs, OMD tries to generate the positive response for the products and services sold by the various companies. Agreement with madcap software will creates high brand value for the company in near future because Madcap is known for the its manufacturing and customised products in Australia and US where the company has strong foothold in these nations and are already known brand in international regions (Freiesleben, 2009). As far as the news concern CSS software is known for the making TQM software for thy customers in UK region will have the potential edge to the company in the global platform. 13. Budget There are various forms of software developed by the CSS software but since Aldi is one of the major client so TQM software implementation budget for the company will give an idea of total expenditure and the benefit from the business. Budget Amount () Software 150,000 Consulting fees 2400 Training fees 2550 Payroll 80,000 Utilities 480 Insurance 1440 Tax incurred 14279 Total installation fees 251149 Graph 4: Total Amount expenditure on installation of TQM within the supply chain (Source: Freiesleben, 2009, pp-922) Expected benefit for the Aldi will be started from the coming years from the implementation of TQM : Particulars 2016 2017 2018 Sales 655290 714,266 778550 COGS 65529 71427 77855 Gross profit 589761 642839 700695 Expenses Payroll 243000 250,290 273,712 Administrative expenses 14400 13000 9350 Marketing expenses 13761 15000 26523 Wastage 25000 25750 18440 Insurance cost 7500 7875 8269 Travel and vehicle cost 15000 16500 18150 Rent and utilities 17500 18375 19294 Miscellaneous expenses 4915 5357 5839 Payroll taxes 36450 37544 41057 Total operating cost 377526 389,690 378,768 EBDITA 21,2235 253149 321927 Taxes 80650 90811 100595 Depreciation expenses 5893 5893 5893 Interest expenses 13107 12197 11202 Net profit 112,586 148,165 164,129 From the above , it has, been found that Administrative expense that will be reducing every year and the wastage will also be controlled which shows that, profit and loss of the company will be higher as per the standard of the Total Quality Management. With the rise in the expansion of the business, marketing expenditure and the payroll will be increasing, but the decrease in the waste; administrative expenses would create positive feedback within the company (Chang, 2009). Aldi will have enough current assets like cash and liquid asset to maintain its short term finance that will gain decrease the short-term borrowings in futures for the company. Own of the major benefit of the TQM implementation in supply chain increase the quality of production and the consistency and continuity in the supply chain of Aldi will reduce the chances of error free products and the chances of human error will be less which automatically increases the productivity of the company (Prado-Prado, 2009). 14. Investment needs Figure 6: Source of fund for the implementation of TQM (Source: Bhattacharya and Korschun, 2008, pp-119) Own capital: While looking for the sources of finance , own capital would be safest t fund the fund the IT within the company. As the own capital is risk free and the client does not have to return their money to others (Bendapudi and Leone, 2008). However, if the project gets failed or rather installation of TQM get failed then the entire loses will be faced by the owners. Retained profit: Retained profit is another major source of funding for the implementation of TQM within the company. Retained profit is the profit of the existing form which will be invested in the TQM system in order reduce the operation cost and increase the high quality of materials (Bolton and Lemon, 2009). It is risk averse, as the company does not have to pay anybody. However, if the technology will not be work as per the promised by the CSS then the loss of installation worth of 2550,00 would be borne by the existing company. Equity: It is one of the most prominent way to fund the any of the business plan. At this place , business would be financing the TQM via selling of the share of the company. Apart from that, it is less risky than the debt financing because here owner or the company des not have pay any kind of interest (Jochem, 2009). However, when it comes to ownership, company has to sell its ownership in order to achieve the high technology. Debt: It is another major method of funding any business, or technology or any machinery. Debt financing riskier the equity or own capital or even the retained profit (Lindgreen and Finn, 2010). However, it is very much effective for the SME and large companies because of the easily available and company does not have shared its ownership. Financing Amount Management investment Retained profit and equity earnings 125000 Total equity financings 125000 Bank and lenders Bank loan 126,149 Total debt 126,149 One of the major funding would be from the Equity and debt. Equity would be 40 and debt would be 60. With 60:40 combinations company will buy the TQM software to reduce its operation waste and bring continuity within its supply chain management. 15. Barriers Some of the major barriers would be for the Aldi while installations are given below: SWOT analysis Figure 7: SWOT analysis on TQM model installations (Source: Lim and Lusch, 2011, pp-649) Strengths: One of the major strengths would reduce waste that will be helpful in increase consistency within the production of the Aldi. CSS software would increase the efficiency of the machine and manpower that would increase the production and increase the productivity of the company (, 2015). Apart from that, the product that will be produced would be high quality and error free materials which would increase the company market share. Weaknesses: On the other hand, major weaknesses of the TQM implementation would bring change management within the supply chain. This is where the major problems start most of the older employee's fear of losing the job because of the new technology. Apart from that, company needs to hire more skilled manpower for handling the TQM software for which company will have to spend on payroll and recruitment and selection process (Bendapudi and Leone, 2008). Opportunities: With the installation of TQM, chances of rise in the profit will be high. Again, reducing and consistency within the production from the CSS software would decrease the COGS sold and reduced in the administrative cost and waste (Jochem, 2009). Other opportunities, since the company is looking to expand its TQM software, would be given company to sustain in the Global platform to sustain for a longer period because of the continuity in the productions. Threats: The external threat for the company would be the lack of innovations. As the TQM software only look after the consistency in the production and totally ignores the innovation or the RD time for bring up the new products (Chowdhury, 2009). Apart from that, prototyping often creates the situation where the clients mistakenly believe that the system is finished when, in fact, its not. Prototyping model of are pre-implementation of version of systems that are more than one-dimensional structures. 16. Profit and Exit Market approach: It helps in calculating the value of the company in terms of its competitors. As the CSS software is selling its customized software solution to Aldi. In order to do so, CSS software should quote the price right and given the quality in compare to its competitors otherwise the client will move to the substitute company (Freiesleben, 2009). However, it fails to evaluate the benefit of the single industry not the whole. Income approach: It is usually revenue based which will again give enough scope for future discounting company future income (Chang, 2009). In this method, profit is major exit criteria. However, it is based on the opportunity cost that says next best choice. Asset approach: The asset approach would help in offsetting the liabilities but fails in recognizing the value of underpaid labour (Chowdhury, 2009). Apart from that, this method assumes that the entire asset can be converted into liquid cash easily, and the entire debt are easily paid off which is very much untrue in the real world. Reference list Books Afuah, A. (2007) "Business models: A strategic management approach," 4th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Analoui, F. and Karami, A. (2009) Strategic management in small and medium enterprises - Page 74, London: Thomson learning Dess, G. and Lumpkin, G. (2009) Strategic Management: Creating Competitive Advantages. 6th ed. London: McGraw-Hill Education. Fifeld, P. 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Friday, November 29, 2019

Costume Kyle Parham Punk Essay Example

Costume Kyle Parham Punk Essay Discovery Project History of Costume Kyle Parham Punk Began as a music based subculture in them mid 1970s in England and slowly started to be culturally excepted in America in the mid to late 70s, exactly which region originated punk has long debated and a major controversy within the punk movement. Within the subculture, there are many different factions, such as New Wave, 2 tone, Pop Punk, Hardcore Punk, No Wave, Street Punk, and 01. Many of the sub groups sought to get rid of the frivolous parts of being punk in the later years of the first movement. The Punk culture later dissipated and was dormant until a new version of began to spring up in the United states in the early 90s known as Grudge. Fashion for Punks has always been broken down in to five main areas, clothing, jewelry, cosmetics, body modifications, and hairstyles. Many different sources have been gathered to form what is known as punk fashion such as Glam Rock, Greasers, Mods, and Skinheads to name a few. (Hebdige, 1981) Arguably the most well-known Punk fashion designer Vivenne Westwood, who created a line of fashions in her London punk boutique, was affordable to rich and poor alike. The typical male punk look was a black leather Jacket with long hair or a bald head, tight pants usually Jeans ana rlppea clotnlng. I ne punk Temale style was comprlsea In tne Tlowlng manner, dark makeup, fishnet stockings, tight miniskirts of mostly leather, corsets and shirts, and razor blades as Jewelry. Both men and women would rip there cloths on purpose, then proceed to patch them up with their own do it your self-attitude. We will write a custom essay sample on Costume Kyle Parham Punk specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Costume Kyle Parham Punk specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Costume Kyle Parham Punk specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Most ccessorys for a shirt were random spots of bright or subdue dyes, safety-pins, huge patches of other fabrics and long lengths of metal chains. (Young rebels of, 2013) I like punk fashion because it is something I feel I understand, it is easy for me to see why it holds such a big standard for some peoples lives. I love the punk aspect of life, from the music to the life style. It is not Just about dressing weird and lessening to weird music, to me, its about standing up for something greater than yourself and believing what you like is good. I feel like I identify with the loud make up, outrageous fashion and the way punks live there life. I speaks to me on a deep level. Due to my limited budget I chose to make one of my own personal shirts in to what I feel modern day punk is. I started with a pink shirt because its a bright color that will attract attention to the person warring it. Then I began to think like a punk and thus started to craft my t-shirt in to something a punk would be proud of. I first cut the collar off of the shirt then a strip down the spine of the shirt along with the sleeves ut slightly off. I then proceeded to replace the spine section with safety pins and wire. I also reattached the sleeves with paper clips with wire as well to give it patched up feel. To continue the Patched and DYI feel I began to work on the front of the shirt making tares and holes all the while patching them with random fabrics and newspaper to give a proper punk vibe. After a lot of trial and error with the newspaper I decided to cut the newspaper. I also used zip ties to bunch shoulders ogether; I used zip ties to give the allusion of spikes on the shoulders which, to me, are an iconic look for the punk youth. Sources: Hebdige, D. (1981). Subculture: The meaning of style. Middleton, Connecticut : Wesleyan University Press. Retrieved from http://www. princeton. edu/†achaney/tmve/ wiki100k/docs/Punk fashion. html Young rebels of the 70s. the history of punk style. (2013, March 22). Retrieved from http://mw. . reporte rsvintage. com/decade/70ts-the-look-and-what-happened/139- young-rebels-of-the-70-s-the-history-of-punk-style. html